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Arapaima

Arapaima Arapaima Gigas

One of the largest fish species in the world, the arapaima is known for its upturned mouth, streamlined body and bony head.

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ORIGIN:
South America

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HABITAT:
Oxygen-deficient rivers

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HEIGHT/WEIGHT:
Up to 440 lbs
Length: 10 ft

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DIET:
Fish, fruits, seeds, insects, birds and mammals

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PREDATORS:
Humans and caimans

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NATURAL DEFENSES:
Can survive up to 24 hours outside the water; bony armor

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REPRODUCTION:
Between February and March, arapaimas lay thousands of eggs in nests in the sand

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THREATS:
Overfishing and pollution

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LIFE EXPECTANCY:
Up to 20 yrs

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